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This is your guide to get started in an Authentic Irish Pagan Practice, with native Irish Draoí (Druid), Lora O'Brien.

November 25, 2020

Question – Irish Ancestry and Cultural Appropriation?

Lora O’Brien answered an Irish Pagan School Student Question about Irish Ancestry and Cultural Appropriation, in relation to Irish or Celtic Pagan Practice.

My name is Chelsea, I was born in Canada to an American mother and a Canadian father. I live in Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. I am of mixed English, Scottish and Irish ancestry (and a smattering of other things thrown in). I grew up in Canada and England and the US, and spent a few years in my twenties living in Belfast.

My biggest question about Irish paganism has to do with ancestry and cultural appropriation. For a few years I’ve been researching and digging for what a nature based, ancestral spiritual practice might look like for me, and I’m really keenly aware of how much cultural appropriation happens in neopagan and new age practices.

I live on the traditional territories of the Kwanlin Dun First Nation and the Ta’an kwachan council, and I do a lot of thinking and work to respect Indigenous perspectives and rights to this stolen land (“Canada”). I am also a person who wants to connect authentically with my own ancestry as a way of working to heal some of the trauma and sickness of generations of being colonial oppressors on this continent, and I’m seeking a spiritual practice that isn’t yet another act of appropriation on my part.

What do you think of people of mixed ancestry (and in my case, it’s mixed English, Scottish and Irish – but as I’ve looked back into my family history where I can find the info, it is more English than either Scottish or Irish), pursuing an Irish pagan path? Some of my (English) ancestors oppressed some of my (Irish/Scottish) ancestors. How do I honour my ancestors in that context? … (cont.)

How do i honourably develop a relationship with Irish or Scottish paganism when I know that many of my ancestors were part of a violent system that literally stole land and resources from other of my ancestors, and even worked to eradicate the exact spiritual practices that I now seek to learn?

Maybe this is a big question. But I’d really value your perspective on this, as it’s a big reason why I’ve treaded very carefully in investigating this potential spiritual path.

Thanks for what you do, I’m part way through your free course on Irish pagan practice and I’m really appreciating your work and approach.”

(The following response first appeared in The Pagan Digest, May 2020.)

Hi Chelsea, (I made sure they got a personal copy of this reply too!)

First off, thank you for your thoughtful question. I know it came in a while ago, and you found my video on YouTube since then and have considered it answered [Irish Paganism – Cultural Appropriation vs Cultural Appreciation – https://youtu.be/8oC3dUqEXaY]. However, I wanted to revisit it to be clear on some thoughts that have occurred to me since.

Everybody has ancestors who were violent, who were part of a violent system that stole land and resources from other of your ancestors. That is humanity’s history, and there’s NONE of us with perfect pure innocent and blameless family lines. For the most part, everybody also has ancestors who worked to eradicate native spiritual practices in some way. Looking to connect to Irish ancestry, you must be aware that we certainly have all of these things, and that a huge majority of those ancestors will have been Christian, and probably Catholic.

Everybody also has mixed ancestry! Again, there’s no such thing as ‘pure bloodlines’ , whatever that is supposed to mean, in the vast majority of cultures and countries. Certainly not in Ireland, we are a people of immigration and emigration, it is in the very blood and bones of us. It is in our oldest stories, our teaching tales. It is in our ancestral trauma. It is in our most recent history, with many Irish people still traveling and living abroad due to economic tourism or emigration. My own brother, and his Scottish partner, and their son, are living in Perth, Australia.

I believe that everybody has more than just blood ancestry – there is also social ancestry (community and chosen family), and spiritual ancestry (‘past lives’, transmigration of the soul, etc.) to consider. I detail this best in my Irish Ancestry Class at the Irish Pagan School.

As detailed in this blog post – I think anyone who wants to, with any ancestry, can pursue and practice an Irish Pagan Path. In fact, I base my entire life’s work around connecting people authentically to this form of spiritual practice, regardless of who their family was or is – Authentic Connection to Ireland is much more than just a business tagline for me!

You have touched on the key element though, the deal breaker for me, which is awareness of cultural appropriation. Unfortunately, part of the colonial heritage – as well as much of modern Western society – is an ingrained attitude of entitlement. I don’t have that, I want that, so I am entitled to take that and do what I want with it. As you so rightly point out, much of NeoPaganism is this way – a pick n mix of whatever the tradition’s creators, or individual practitioners, need or want, taken from various indigenous cultures and traditions (and often horrifically mangled and commercially repackaged to appeal to the lowest common denominator, in the process).

The way to avoid this is just as you are doing: Awareness – take nothing for granted, question and examine the sources and roots of everything you encounter. Learn from native sources – avoid the mixed bag approach as much as possible and learn what you can from the heart of the culture you wish to connect to. Immerse yourself as much as possible in the culture, and support them wherever you can. This is about walking and working in Right Relationship, wherever possible, and always endeavouring to give more than you take – to support and contribute.

Lora (and other respected Pagan Authors) answer student questions each month through the Pagan Digest Membership Here. Please subscribe if you have a question you would like a personal response to!

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Irish History – Guide to the Phases & Dates

About the Author

Irish Author, Educator, and Guide to Ireland. Co-Founder of the Irish Pagan School, Eel & Otter Press, and Pagan Life Rites (Ireland).

Lora O'Brien

  • this is a very interesting issue and i am not always sure where the boundaries lie, lora explains the issue very clearly and provides a different way of thinking about it, which i think is very helpful. crucially, whether we give something back rather than simply taking. in a different context i have come across the same issue with regards to modern paganism’s use of the mabinogion, and whether this was appropriate or justified. in yet another context, i have come across the issue of non native americans using native american practices. as you might be able to see, appropriation is very easy to happen or to do and does happen everywhere. i have been thinking that the celts used to be everywhere in britain; there are surely many of us who can validly claim celtic influence of some kind at some point within our past. there are other influences such as christian, roman, saxon, some of these were accepted some were forced upon us. as lora rightly says none of us is really pure.

  • Maybe it’s an answered prayer from the ancestors on both sides… that one Day the children of the colonizer would join the team of the indigenous and understand the beauty of earth based traditions and honoring, for the benefit of all and harmony. All of us coming home together to the heartbeat of the drums and this Mother Earth.

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